In this short article, highway engineering expert, James Shultz, P.E. provides an overview of parking lot design. The graphic provided highlights some of the common design elements we encounter through our casework, with an explanation of how they positively and negatively influence parking lot safety.

Parking Lot Layout

Parking lot safety can be improved by providing drivers and pedestrians reasonable access pathways, and signs and pavement markings similar to those they normally encounter on public roads.

The parking lot featured in this article shows a few of the issues that should be considered in the layout of a parking lot for reasonably safe movement of vehicles and pedestrians. This lot is representative of an actual lot involved in a hit-pedestrian case.

As with many parking lots, there are good features and bad – some add to safety and some create hazards for drivers and pedestrians.

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Featured Expert

James C. Shultz, P.E.

Jim has thirty-three years of experience in highway engineering and land development design and construction. His design experience includes parking lots, roadways, hydrology and hydraulics, and utilities. Jim has specialized expertise in horizontal and vertical roadway geometry; traffic signing and pavement marking; storm drainage design and stormwater management; DOT design, specification and construction procedures; and sanitary sewer collection and water distribution systems.