Expert Witness Biography

Dr. Grugle is an expert in human factors and ergonomics. Her area of specialization is in human performance, specifically how people interact with technology and their environment. Dr. Grugle investigates the way in which human performance is affected by factors including fatigue, distraction, and impairment, and how performance is impacted by the design of technology and the work environment. She applies her expertise toward forensic casework involving motor vehicle crashes, workplace mishaps, and premises safety. Dr. Grugle also investigates products cases involving user interfaces, instructional materials, and warnings.

Dr. Grugle has both academic, research and industry experience in human factors research and design. Dr. Grugle worked as a human factors engineer at both the Army Research Laboratory (Human Research and Engineering Directorate) and Lockheed Martin where she researched human performance and designed and evaluated product user interfaces. While pursuing her Ph.D., Dr. Grugle worked at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research where she researched the effects of sleep deprivation/fatigue on human performance. After receiving a Ph.D. in Industrial and Systems Engineering from Virginia Tech, Dr. Grugle held a position as an Assistant Professor of Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering at Cleveland State University (CSU) where she taught human factors courses and conducted research on distracted and drowsy driving as well as work zone safety. Dr. Grugle was awarded competitive research grants from the National Science Foundation, the Ohio Department of Transportation, and the Cleveland State University Transportation Center. Her research has been published in national and international peer-reviewed journals. Prior to joining Robson Forensic, Dr. Grugle spent six years working as a human factors engineer at Lockheed Martin designing and evaluating product user interfaces to minimize the potential for user error, designing warnings, and writing user manuals.

Dr. Grugle previously served as a faculty advisor to the Institute of Industrial Engineers, a member of the CSU Transportation Center research selection committee and a presidential appointee to the CSU Patent Committee. She currently serves as the secretary of the Rocky Mountain Chapter of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society.