Expert Witness Biography

Raul is an expert in the sports of skiing and snowboarding. He has been actively involved in the winter sports industry for more than 40 years and is a former international alpine ski racer. Raul began ski coaching in 1989 and has been working with elite level athletes since 1995. He is a former U.S. Ski Team World Cup and Olympic coach and has extensive experience analyzing ski and snowboard terrain and safety protocol.

Raul has skied, analyzed, and inspected thousands of ski runs, terrain parks, and tubing/sledding hills at ski areas worldwide. He has worked closely with mountain operations, groomers, terrain park attendants, lift attendants, and patrol staff to prepare trails for training and competition and to ensure the safety of both competitors and non-competitors alike. As a credentialed coach with the United States Ski and Snowboard Association (USSA), he has participated in numerous USSA clinics, seminars, and summits and has extensive knowledge of movement analysis, skill progression, and best practices for fencing, hazard protection, hill preparation, and ensuring skier/snowboarder safety.

As an internationally certified coach and official, Raul has provided technical and tactical on-snow coaching, as well as strength and conditioning coaching for alpine skiing, ski cross, alpine snowboarding, and snowboard cross athletes at various levels of development. He has been involved with every aspect of athletic preparation and has been responsible for ensuring a safe on-snow environment for the athletes he coached over the past 25 years. In addition, his work as an official has required him to thoroughly analyze: fencing; trail layouts; area closures; crossings; on-hill protection; course maintenance; use of terrain; terrain visibility; fall zones; equipment; and snow conditions.

Raul has coached and prepared athletes who competed in the 1998, 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014 Winter Olympic Games, and who have stood on numerous FIS, Continental Cup, World Cup, World Championship, and Olympic podiums. He has also earned the highest possible ski coaching certification level from the United States Ski and Snowboard Association (Alpine-Level 500), and has been a longtime student of kinesiology, biomechanics, physiology, sport psychology, strength and conditioning, and functional training.

SKIING & SNOWBOARDING EXPERT WITNESS INVESTIGATIONS

Raul is regularly retained to investigate a broad range of injuries that occur during skiing, snowboarding, and other winter activities. Topics representative of his casework include:

  • Collisions between skiers and snowboarders
  • Collisions between skiers/snowboarders and fixed objects
  • Injuries related to ski/snowboard equipment
  • Injuries related to coaching, training, and competition
  • Ski patrol training, preparedness, and response
  • Terrain parks, fencing, grooming, and impact mitigation
  • Ski/snowboard area and sledding/snow tubing area operations