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Parking Lot Operations & Management - Expert Article
Parking lots are host to a variety of vehicle, pedestrian, operational, and construction activities, sometimes simultaneously. Facility owners and operators must inspect parking lots on the premises and address any aberrations that could cause an injury or damage.
In this article, Facilities Engineering Expert Christopher Fogarty shares the standard of care for parking lot operation and maintenance, drawing upon his experience managing a 183-acre, multi-use facility.
Evaluating Lighting in Premises Liability Disputes - Expert Article
Adequate illumination is often a topic in premises liability claims. In this article, Architect & Premises Safety Expert Doug Peden discusses the standard of care for artificial illumination and the role that it has in maintaining a safe environment.
Snow & Ice in Premises Liability and Property Management Disputes - Expert Webinar [VIDEO]
Addressing the standard of care in premises liability and property management disputes involving snow and ice can be complex. In these cases, issues of causation and notice can be complicated by site drainage, unnatural snow accumulation, and the variety of services and surface treatment options available to property managers.
In this webinar video, premises safety expert Sylvia Deye and Property Management expert Albert Kerelis discuss the most prominent technical challenges in snow and ice investigations. Attendees will learn about site issues that can contribute to snow/ice related injuries, the standard of care for property owners and managers, and some of the relevant safety standards.
Winter Maintenance: Addressing Precipitation Freeze, Thaw, and Refreeze - Expert Article
The adequacy of snow and ice management is frequently disputed in premises liability cases. Standards for snow and ice control on walkway surfaces recommend methods to maintain reasonably safe walkways where snow and ice, including refreezing of melt water, impact the safety of pedestrians. These standards also warn that conformance with the standards will not alleviate ALL snow and ice hazards. They do, however, represent a reasonable effort to reduce pedestrian risks associated with snow and ice.
In this article, Architect and Premises Safety Expert, Scott Klimek provides a list of core discovery questions relevant to winter maintenance disputes.
Falling Cabinets, Shelves, and Wall Units - Expert Article
When cabinets, shelving units, and other storage units inadvertently detach from walls, the force of the unit and its contents falling to the ground can cause significant injury and property damage.
In this article, Architect & Premises Safety Expert, Ronald Fermano details the requirements for the safe installation and anchoring of wall-mounted units, and discusses the most common failure mode.
Trips & Falls at Outdoor Venues - Expert Article
Public parks, private resorts, amphitheaters, and other outdoor spaces are popular event venues that require inspection and maintenance in order to ensure the safety of visitors. In this article, facilities engineer Edward Gray discusses proper grounds maintenance for preventing trip and fall incidents at outdoor events. He will examine the topic by reviewing a fact pattern from a prior case involving a plaintiff who tripped at an outdoor concert after encountering a hole concealed by straw.
Raised Booth Platform Seating - Expert Article
Raised booth seating, sometimes used in restaurants, is associated with an increased rate of misstep and fall incidents. In this configuration, the booth is placed on a raised platform that is typically six inches above the adjacent floor, resulting in a single riser stair.
Single riser stairs, when not identified by pedestrians, create a risk of mis-steps when entering or leaving the booth. In this article, Architect & Premises Safety Expert, Scott Klimek discusses the hazards presented by the use of single riser stair platforms for booth seating in restaurants, and the design codes and standards that apply.
Transparent Glass Panels: Doors, Facades, & Partitions - Expert Overview
Large, clear sheets of glass are a hallmark of many public spaces today. Transparent walls in entries, facades, and interior partitions have also become headline grabbers when people mistake them for open walkways and collide with them in high profile buildings.
In this article, Architect & Premises Safety Expert, Mark Monteith shares some of the most common types of glass used in transparent walls and panels, their related hazards, and the codes and standards that apply to their use.
Technical Evaluation of Property Management & Premises Liability Cases - Expert Webinar [VIDEO]
This webinar introduces attendees to the technical issues frequently reviewed in forensic casework involving injuries in the built environment. Experts specializing in Property Management and Premises Safety discuss the incidents most frequently investigated, the conditions associated with causation, and the standards of care followed by architects, property managers, and facility operators in order to provide safe environments.
Swing Door Closers - Expert Overview
Many swing doors are equipped with mechanical devices that either assist in closing the door when open (closers) or to both close and open the door (operators). When closers or operators malfunction or are not properly adjusted, they can be a hazard to door users.
In this article, Architect & Premises Safety Expert, Anthony Fenton details the use of swing door equipment, and the standards for proper maintenance and operation to prevent injuries.
Photogrammetry & Taking Effective Inspection Photos - Expert Webinar [VIDEO]
This webinar program will provide attorneys and adjusters with an overview of photogrammetry and how digital photos can be used to obtain measurements, determine distance and speed, as well as other case-specific data. Experts from our Crash and Premises Safety groups share their perspectives on taking effective photographs for future forensic analysis.
Parking Lot Surface Hazards - Expert Article
Previously, our premises safety experts addressed parking lot design and the use of wheel stops as they relate to slip, trip, and fall injuries, and pedestrian strikes. This article discusses the surface of the typical parking lot, common forms of asphalt deterioration, and the resulting hazards that can be present.
Parking Lot Trip Hazards - Expert Article
Parking lot safety can best be reliably established through proper design, construction, maintenance, and operations. This article discusses parking lot trip hazards, including a description of what constitutes a trip, relevant safety concepts, and links to other articles for more information.
Snow & Ice Removal: Property Manager Responsibilities - Expert Article
At commercial, residential, and institutional properties, the property manager is responsible for maintaining a safe premises, which includes snow and ice management. Typically the removal of snow and ice is performed by a contracted third party, but in some cases the property manager or their staff perform these duties.
In this article, Architect and Premises Safety Expert, Albert Kerelis, details a property manager’s responsibilities for snow and ice removal.
School Maintenance Practices to Prevent Slip, Trip, and Fall Injuries - Expert Article
In general, school administrators and their employees are expected to properly maintain the facilities, equipment, and school grounds in accordance with applicable standards of care. School districts have a duty to protect students and staff. Standards of care have been established to ensure the safety of the educational environment without compromising compliance with existing building codes, property codes, fire codes, and life safety codes.
In this article, School Facility Expert, Edward Gray, discusses the importance of keeping schools in compliance with safety standards of care to avoid injuries, the most common of which are falls.
Sidewalk & Walkway Trip Hazards - Expert Article
Trips and falls occur when unanticipated variations in walking surfaces interrupt the motions of a pedestrian’s foot. Studies of pedestrian falls have identified that small changes in elevation are particularly dangerous because of the low probability that pedestrians will reliably detect them.
In this article, architect and premises safety expert, Thomas Lodge discusses hazards associated with abrupt changes in walkways such as interior floors and walkway surfaces such as sidewalks and short flight stairs.
Falls From Windows: Window Safety & Standards - Expert Article
In this article, premises safety expert Sylvia Deye discusses window safety and the leading causes of fall from window incidents. Her discussion includes design, maintenance, and operational aspects that affect premises safety. The experts at Robson Forensic investigate a broad range of premises liability disputes on behalf of counsel for both plaintiffs and defendants.
Public Facilities & School Premises Safety - Expert Article
Registered Architect and Certified Safety Assessor Sylvia Deye, AIA, NCARB, LEED AP has extensive knowledge and experience designing schools and institutional buildings which meet rigorous standards for safety compliance. In this article, Sylvia discusses the importance of meeting not some, but all of the recommended safety features through protective infrastructure design. In the wake of recent school shootings, districts find themselves under increased pressure to make each building a safe learning and working environment.
Resort Premises Safety - Expert Article
In this article, architect Sylvia Deye, AIA, NCARB, LEED AP explores the complexities of designing resort environments that are both safe and functional for the wide range of activities that they accommodate. Designing a single facility that serves a broad variety of uses requires careful planning and quality architecture that is mindful of the materials and systems necessary to handle a multi-use environment.
Fall Down Stairs at a Haunted House – Expert Investigation
This case involves a woman who visited a haunted house in the weeks leading up to Halloween. While ascending a dark unlit stairway within the attraction, an actor dressed as a monster unexpectedly jumped-out onto the landing, startling the plaintiff and causing her to lose her balance and fall backwards down the stair.
Architect and Premises Safety Expert, Mark Williams, AIA, NCARB was retained to investigate the incident and determine if dangerous conditions caused the incident to occur.
The Role of Project Owners in Promoting Safety On & Around Construction Sites - Expert Article
In this article, architect & construction expert, Will Martin discusses the project owner’s role in promoting safety on and around the construction site. Our experts are frequently retained to investigate injuries to construction workers and the general public to explain the responsibilities and liability of the various parties.
Codes & Standards for Safe Stairways – Expert Article
This article discusses several stairway codes and standards relevant to pedestrian safety. The article introduces the importance of consistent tread depth and riser height for preventing fall injuries. It also discusses the importance of handrails and other prominent stairway features.
The premises safety experts at Robson Forensic investigate many fall injuries related to stairs and other walkways. Call or submit an inquiry through our website for help determining which of our experts is best suited to address the specific technical issues in your case.
Wayfinding in Premises Liability Investigations - Expert Article
This article discusses the concept of wayfinding as it relates to premises liability investigations. Issues of wayfinding are sometimes brought into question in disputes where parties fail to navigate or orient themselves within the built environment. Architects frequently design wayfinding systems to assist users in hospitals, airports, museums, parking garages, and a wide range of other settings.
Building Glass & Premises Safety – Expert Article
In this article, Architect and Premises Safety Expert, Anthony Shinsky, NCARB, AIA discusses the use of glass in buildings and the premises safety implications. His discussion covers the various categories of glass, the use of glass in windows, doors, and partitions, and relevant safety standards.
Slip & Trip Hazards Posed by Floor Mats & Runners – Expert Article
In this article, architect and retail premises safety expert, Catherine Peterman discusses the appropriate use of floor mats and runners.
When properly selected and maintained, floor mats can be part of an effective program to improve pedestrian safety. However, improper or poorly maintained mats can be hazardous and can cause falls.
What is a Safe Floor? – Expert Article
In this article, architect and premises safety expert, Anthony Shinsky discusses various aspects of flooring that influence pedestrian safety.
Wheelstop (Parking Block) Safety - Expert Article on Parking Lot Safety
This article discusses standards relevant to wheelstops (parking blocks) and what can be done to prevent slip, trip, and fall injuries in parking lots. The premises safety experts at Robson Forensic have investigated many incidents involving these common parking lot features.
Property Maintenance – Expert Article on Premises Safety Implications
This article provides an introduction into the basics of exterior property maintenance, the implications on premises safety, and some information on relevant standards to get your investigation started.
Short Flight Stairs - Expert Article on Standards and Safety
This article addresses some of the relevant standards and safety features used to improve the safety of short flight stairs and single step transitions.
Curb Ramps - Expert Introduction to Design and Safety Aspects
This article discusses design standards relevant to curb ramp safety, specifically highlighting those design elements that are commonly associated with slip, trip, and fall incidents. The premises safety experts at Robson Forensic have investigated hundreds of incidents involving these common landscape features.
Icy Walking Surfaces - Expert Investigates use of Cat Litter to Treat Icy Walkways
A premises safety expert at Robson Forensic was retained to investigate a case in which the plaintiff slipped and fell on an icy walkway. Our expert was tasked with determining whether the plaintiff fell on the sidewalk or the parking lot, and whether or not the defendant’s use of cat litter on the parking lot, as a treatment for icy conditions, created a dangerous condition.
Stairway Design Standards - Expert Introduction
In this article, the premises safety experts at Robson Forensic provide an introduction to the 2009 International Building Code stairway design requirements for new buildings. Particular attention is paid to the aspects of stairway design and construction that are most often associated with slip, trip, and fall injuries.
Building Life Safety - Expert Article
The this article, the architectural team at Robson Forensic provides introductory information on the history of life safety in buildings as well as the modern building and life safety codes.
Retail Operations - Expert Checklist for Premises Safety
The experts at Robson Forensic are frequently engaged to investigate matters related to the operations and management of retail stores. The focus of our investigations varies from case to case, but often involves an evaluation into the safety of merchandise displays, good housekeeping practices, food safety, or premises security.
Specific experts from our premises safety group bring firsthand experience designing walkways, product shelving, and building maintenance procedures in the retail industry .
Parking Lot Layout - Expert Article
In this short article, the highway engineering experts at Robson Forensic provide an overview of parking lot design. The graphic provided highlights some of the common design elements we encounter through our casework, with an explanation of how they positively and negatively influence parking lot safety.
Walking Your Property to Prevent Falls - Expert Article
Falls are the most common and costly accident type for many commercial businesses. In the following article, published in the April 2011 Newsletter for HospitalityLawyer.com, the Premises Safety group at Robson Forensic provides a narrative regarding some of the most common causes of slip, trip, and fall injuries at hotels and retail establishments. The article also provides valuable precautions that should be taken to reduce the likelihood of fall injuries on stairs and walkways.
Pedestrian Hit Crossing Street - Experts Investigate Fatal Collision
In this case, a pedestrian was struck and killed by a vehicle while attempting to cross midblock on a four-lane, urban roadway. Robson Forensic was retained to reconstruct the incident and determine the causes of the collision.
Architectural Professional Liability - Expert Investigation
In this case, a patron at a nightclub climbed up on top of a 3 foot high speaker box platform and danced off the edge. Many people were sued. Robson Forensic was engaged after it was claimed that the developer’s architect, who reviewed the tenant drawings for the club, should have required guard rails around the top of the platform.
Parking Lot Design - Expert Investigates Pedestrian Death
In this case, a woman was struck and killed by a vehicle in a doughnut shop parking lot. An architect from Robson Forensic was retained to evaluate the design and maintenance of the parking lot.
Display Hook Injuries to Children - Expert Article
Unprotected display hooks pose an unnecessary threat to shoppers and most especially to young children. This article discusses the risks associated with display hooks and how these injuries can be prevented.