With this slide deck, Michael Klein provided a Continuing Professional Education course on the safety considerations in robot design, installation, programming, and operation.

ROBOTIC SAFETY – Protective Measures and Complementary Equipment

When a hazard assessment is performed on a machine such as a robot and the robot or process carries a risk of injury, the hazard must be eliminated or contained. How this is accomplished will depend on the nature of the robot and the hazard identified.

Protective measures when used in conjunction with guarding either prevent access to a hazard or prevent dangerous motion at a hazard when access to the robot is available. Typical examples of protective measures are interlocked guards, light curtains, safety mats, two-hand controls and enabling switches.

Objective for the course was that participants understand the safety considerations in:

  • Robot Design
  • Robot Installation
  • Robot Programming
  • Robot Operation

Course attendees were instructed on the protective measures that are used in conjunction with guarding.

If you are interested in discussing this presentation or scheduling a similar presentation at your law firm or legal event, please contact Michael Klein directly.

Download a PDF version of presentation slides in the ‘Details’ section of this page.


In September of 2015 Michael D. Klein, P.E., CHMM, CFEI of Robson Forensic prepared and presented several training modules to the American Industrial Hygiene Association - Rocky Mountain Section on the concepts and practices of machine guarding. These training sessions presented by Michael instructed the program attendees on the concepts and practices of guarding automated robotic machinery and the protection of the people who program, operate and maintain them.


Featured Expert

Michael D. Klein, P.E., CHMM, C.F.E.I.

Mr. Klein is a Professional Engineer, a Certified Hazardous Material Manager and a Certified Fire and Explosion Investigator with over 25 years of hands-on career experience. Michael has extensive experience involving engineering design and implementing machine guarding principles in government and private facilities. He has held Senior Project/Engineering Manager positions, where he has been responsible for capital project management, facilities design, construction management, maintenance/modification, buildings and grounds. Michael has particular expertise in laboratories, manufacturing, material storage, product distribution facilities, and data centers. Mr. Klein is currently employed at Robson Forensic, where he applies his expertise to forensic investigations involving injuries and economic loss claims.