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Property Maintenance Standards for Premises Safety

By Albert J. Kerelis, Jr., AIA, NCARB, ARM
Expert Overview

This article discusses the standard of care for exterior property maintenance as it relates to premises liability disputes. Adequate maintenance should account for both preventive and unplanned…

Bollards on Retail Storefronts

By Albert J. Kerelis, Jr., AIA, NCARB, ARM
Expert Article

Vehicle crashes into retail walkways and storefronts represent a potential hazard for pedestrians. The interplay between vehicles and pedestrians brings inherent risks that should be addressed by…

Playground Surface Impact Testing

By Sylvia B. Deye, AIA, NCARB, LEED AP & Theresa Kreider, Ed.D., CPSI
Expert Overview

Evaluating whether the type of surfacing material and the head impact attenuation of those fall surfacing materials were adequately safe for the height and type of playground equipment used is…

Premises Safety in the Retail Built Environment

By Catherine Peterman, AIA, NCARB
Expert Article

Retail spaces should be designed and maintained to provide safe walkways and merchandise displays that are free of unreasonable hazards. In industry, this is achieved, in part, through…

Low Light Conditions in Arenas & Stadiums

By Mark T. Sullivan, AIA, NCARB, CDT, CXLT
Expert Article

Fixed seating assembly occupancies, such as arena and stadium venues, are designed to provide entertainment to large audiences, and must make the main event easily visible for seated audience members…

Stairway Design Standards

By Catherine Peterman, AIA, NCARB
Expert Overview

In this article, the premises safety experts at Robson Forensic provide an introduction to the International Building Code stairway design requirements for new buildings. Particular attention is paid…

Slips, Trips & Falls on Dance Floors

By Anthony Fenton, AIA, RRC, REWC, ASCA-C, CXLT
Expert Article

Dance floors, be they permanent feature or installed for temporary use, can be dangerous to participants if not properly installed, maintained, and monitored for safe use. This article examines the…

Walkway Barriers & Accessibility Disputes

By Mark Monteith, AIA, LEED AP
Expert Overview

Architectural barriers appear in a broad range of premises liability disputes. Compliance with the ADA and other relevant codes and standards frequently removes hazards from access routes like…

Parking Lot Operations & Management

By Christopher C. Fogarty
Expert Article

Parking lots are host to a variety of vehicle, pedestrian, operational, and construction activities, sometimes simultaneously. Facility owners and operators must inspect parking lots on the premises…

Evaluating Lighting in Premises Liability Disputes

By Douglas W. Peden, RA, NCARB
Expert Article

Adequate illumination is often a topic in premises liability claims. In this article, Architect & Premises Safety Expert Doug Peden discusses the standard of care for artificial illumination and…

Winter Maintenance: Freeze, Thaw, and Refreeze

By Robson Forensic
Expert Article

The adequacy of snow and ice management is frequently disputed in premises liability cases. Standards for snow and ice control on walkway surfaces recommend methods to maintain reasonably safe…

Falling Cabinets, Shelves, and Wall Units

By Robson Forensic
Expert Article

When cabinets, shelving units, and other storage units inadvertently detach from walls, the force of the unit and its contents falling to the ground can cause significant injury and property…

Trips & Falls at Outdoor Venues

By Edward A. Gray
Expert Article

Public parks, private resorts, amphitheaters, and other outdoor spaces are popular event venues that require inspection and maintenance in order to ensure the safety of visitors. In this article,…

Raised Booth Platform Seating

By Robson Forensic
Expert Article

Raised booth seating, sometimes used in restaurants, is associated with an increased rate of misstep and fall incidents. In this configuration, the booth is placed on a raised platform that is…

Transparent Glass Panels: Doors, Facades, & Partitions

By Mark Monteith, AIA, LEED AP
Expert Overview

Large, clear sheets of glass are a hallmark of many public spaces today. Transparent walls in entries, facades, and interior partitions have also become headline grabbers when people mistake them for…

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